Battleships of the 20th century

American Battleships

USS Indiana BB-01

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USS Indiana underway, ca. 1895–1900


Name

USS Indiana

Four ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Indiana in honor of the 19th state.

  • USS Indiana (BB-01), was a battleship that saw action in the Spanish-American War

  • USS Indiana (1898), was a transport that served contemporaneously with BB-1 and also saw action in the Spanish-American War

  • USS Indiana (BB-50), was a battleship under construction but canceled by the Washington Naval Treaty

  • USS Indiana (BB-58), was a battleship that saw action during World War II

Hull #

BB01

Built

Laid down: 7 May 1891

Launched: 28 February 1893

Commissioned

20 November 1895

Sister Ships

N/A

History Highlight

Following fitting out at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Indiana trained off the coast of New England. This duty continued until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898, when Indiana formed part of Admiral William Sampson's Squadron. The ten ships sailed south to intercept Pascual Cervera's Spanish squadron, known to be en route to the Caribbean Sea. Indiana took part in bombardment of San Juan on 12 May 1898, and returned to Key West with the squadron to guard Havana, Cuba, on 18 May. After it was discovered that Cervera was at Santiago de Cuba, Sampson joined Winfield Scott Schley there on 1 June and took up the blockade.

In late June, Army units arrived and were landed for an assault on Santiago. Cervera saw that his situation was desperate and began his gallant dash out of Santiago 3 July 1898, hoping to outrun the American blockaders. Indiana did not join in the initial chase because of her extreme eastern position on the blockade, but was near the harbor entrance when destroyers Pluton and Furor emerged. In a short time both ships were destroyed by Indiana's guns and those of the other ships. Meanwhile the remaining Spanish vessels were sunk or run ashore, in one of the two major naval engagements of the war.

Indiana returned to her previous pattern of training exercises and fleet maneuvers after the war, and made practice cruises for midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy before decommissioning on 29 December 1903.

The battleship recommissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 9 January 1906. During this phase of her career, Indiana served with the Naval Academy Practice Squadron, sailing to Northern Europe and the Mediterranean. At Queenstown, Ireland, she fired a 21-gun salute on 22 June 1911, in honor of the coronation of King George V. This important work in training the Navy's future leaders ended in 1914 and she decommissioned at Philadelphia on 23 May 1914.

Indiana recommissioned a second time 24 May 1917, and served through World War I as a training ship for gun crews off Tompkinsville, New York, and in the York River of Virginia. She decommissioned at Philadelphia on 31 January 1919.

Decommissioned

31 January 1919

Final Disposition

On 29 March 1919, she was renamed "Coast Battleship Number 1" so that the name Indiana could be assigned to a newly authorized battleship, USS Indiana (BB-50). She was used as a target in an important series of tests designed to determine the effectiveness of aerial bombs and was sunk in November 1920. Her hulk was sold for scrap 19 March 1924.

Related Info

General characteristics

Displacement:

10,288 tons

Length:

350 feet 11 inches (107.0 m)

Beam:

69 feet 4 inches (21.1 m)

Draft:

24 feet (7.3 m)

Propulsion:

two vertical, inverted, triple expansion engines, two screws, 9,000 ihp (6,700 kW)

Speed:

15 knots (28 km/h/17 mph)

Complement:

473 officers and enlisted

Armament:

four 13-inch (330 mm) guns
eight 8-inch guns
four 6-inch (150 mm) guns
twenty 6-pounders

six 1-pounders

Armor:

Belt: 18 inches
Turrets: 15 inches
Decks: 3 inches

Conning tower: 10 inches

Source: Wikipedia

Related Links

Return to American Battleships

USS Indiana BB-01 Home Port

BB-01 Wikipedia

USS Indiana by Patrick McSherry

MaritimeQuest.com

The Gjenvick-Gjønvik Archives



Photos

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BB01 USS Indiana BB-01 Wikipedia