Designated flagship of the Asiatic Fleet, Ohio
departed San Francisco
1 April 1905 for Manila, where she embarked the party of then Secretary
of War William Howard Taft, which included Miss Alice Roosevelt, the
daughter. She conducted this party on much of its Far Eastern tour of
inspection, and continued the cruise in Japanese, Chinese, and
waters until returning to the United States in 1907. Also aboard for
this cruise as Midshipman -- later to receive promotion to Fleet
Admiral -- Chester Nimitz.
Ohio sailed out of Hampton Roads on 16 December
with the battleships of the Atlantic Fleet. Guns crashed a salute to
President Theodore Roosevelt while he reviewed the Great White Fleet
as it began the cruise around the world which, perhaps more than any
other single event, marked the emergence of the United States as a
major world power.
Commanded by Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, and
Charles S. Sperry, the fleet made calls on the east and west coasts of
South America, rounding the Horn in between, en route to San Francisco.
On 7 July 1908, Ohio and her sisters shaped their course west to
Hawaii, New Zealand,
and Australia. On each visit the American ships were welcomed with
great enthusiasm but none of their ports of call received them with
such enthusiastic friendliness as Tokyo,
where they anchored 18 October. The fleet's presence in Japan
symbolized both American friendship and strength and helped to ease
dangerously strained relations between the two countries.
The fleet put in at Amoy, returned to Yokohama,
held target practice
in the Philippines and was homeward-bound 1 December. After steaming
through the Suez Canal 4 January 1909, the fleet made Mediterranean
calls, before anchoring in Hampton Roads 22 February.
Ohio sailed on to New York, her home port for the
years during duty training men of the New York Naval Militia and
performing general service with the Atlantic Fleet.
In 1914 she sailed to the Gulf of Mexico to join
in the patrol off Veracruz,
protecting American interests endangered by Mexican political turmoil. Ohio
returned north in the summer for a United States Naval Academy
midshipmen cruise, then joined the Reserve Fleet at Philadelphia,
recommissioning for each of the next two summers' midshipmen cruises,
1915 and 1916.
Soon after the United States entered World War I Ohio
recommissioned on 24 April 1917. Throughout the war, she operated out
of Norfolk, training crews for the expanding fleet, taking part in
battleship maneuvers. She arrived at Philadelphia 28 November 1918; was
placed in reserve there 7 January 1919; decommissioned 31 May 1922; and
was sold for scrapping 24 March 1923.